Water softeners are an essential part of any home to many people, but there are still a lot of homeowners that have not experienced everything that a water softener has to offer. Water softeners are used in the home to treat hard water that comes from the tap. Water Softener units are made up of two tanks and stored in a closet or a basement where the source of your home’s water comes into the house from the water utility company. If your home has hard water then you are going to want to keep reading about water softeners.
A water softener system can come in many sizes but is generally small enough to fit into most homes without the need to make any significant changes. The water softening system consists of two tanks. One is a mineral tank and one is a brine tank. The mineral tank is where the sediments and minerals are taken out of the water by utilizing small polystyrene beads called zeolite. The water is passed through the zeolite and the minerals that make your water hard attach to the beads by ionic exchange. The other tank is the brine tank which is where the water softener system creates a sodium-rich solution that rinses the mineral tank and regenerates the systems ability to create soft water.
Water softener salt comes in large pellets and is added to the brine tank which is filled with water to create a solution of sodium. The opposing mineral tank which contains negatively charged zeolite uses its negative charge to remove the positively charged minerals out of your hard water and make it soft. When the mineral tank is completely saturated with hard water minerals then the cleaning cycle is activated and the brine tank releases the softener salt solution into the mineral tank to wash away iron, calcium, magnesium, and even barium from the zeolite.